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The Five Freedoms

The Farm Animal Welfare Council in the UK developed the following “Five Freedoms”, to which ALL animals have the right. That was almost a decade ago. Knowing what we know about the conditions under which farmed animals and animals used in entertainment and experiments are kept, in “systems” devised by Western so-called civilized countries, we have a long way to go.

Five Freedoms

The welfare of an animal includes its physical and mental state, and we consider that good animal welfare implies both fitness and a sense of well-being. Any animal kept by man, must at least, be protected from unnecessary suffering.

We believe that the welfare of animal includes its physical, mental and behavioural needs, on farms, in saleyards, in transit, and (if it must be) at slaughter. Animals used in experiments are particularly vulnerable to egregious abuse and suffering for what is, in reality, no useful purpose.

These freedoms define the minimum requirements.

Animals feel hunger, thirst, fear, pain and loneliness. These standards are compromised at almost every level for animals used in farming and in entertainment, most particularly in factory farming, when even their most basic needs are denied, and they are denied justice in the Law by virtue of "Standards" or Codes of Practice.

The Five Freedoms are;

  1. Freedom from Hunger and Thirst - by ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigour.
  2. Freedom from Discomfort - by providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area.
  3. Freedom from Pain, Injury or Disease - by prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment.
  4. Freedom to Express Normal Behaviour - by providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal's own kind.
  5. Freedom from Fear and Distress - by ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering”.


Think about it. Some animals are definitely more equal than others. If "companion animals" were subjected to the cruel confinement, mutilation without anaesthesia, transport and slaughter to which  "farm" and other animals are subjected, the perpetrators would be prosecuted. If you MUST eat meat or use animal products, please shop with your conscience. Supermarkets claim that they "only buy from producers who comply with the Code of Practice" - but they do not know - or they do not want YOU to know - that these codes expressly provide for the most egregious cruelty.

You can find comprehensive information about Australia's appalling record in animal welfare at and

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